Hubei green brick tea: the green brick tea that can't be broken will bring a lot of wealth [daily agricultural economy]
[daily agricultural economy] smashing green bricks and tea into wealth (20141104)
Today's mission, break it open.
In fact, under the red cloth that can't be broken by men, women, old and young, the package is Hubei's famous green brick tea, which is a kind of black tea with a green brown color. However, it is said that although the tea is made into such a hard brick shape, it is very popular with consumers. For this reason, the reporter came to qingzhuan town in Xianning, Hubei Province.
Liu Chang: This is the tea garden of Yangloudong. Today, there are a group of fairies picking tea with me. What about fairies?
According to the local people, a long time ago, at the Qingming Festival, several fairies appeared on the mountain to pick new tea, so they called it fairy tea. You see, the fairies like Liu Chang also came.
Liu Chang: you see, this is my fairy sisters. Are we all together?
Elder sister: 6 mu of land, 13 people, just right.
Liu Chang: it's just right. You see, because of tea picking, I specially prepared small scissors, which can neither cut hands nor damage tea. Isn't it very smart? Let's go?
Elder sister: let's go. I'm going to pick tea.
What are they?
Elder sister: take a sickle to cut tea.
Liu Chang: elder sister, why do we use sickle to pick tea?
Elder sister: to make old green brick tea, you have to cut it with a sickle. It's good to cut it.
Liu Chang: but what I've seen are all good at picking scissors!
Elder sister: that's green tea. Making green tea is picking buds.
Liu Chang: why can't the scissors work.
Elder sister: certainly not scissors. It's too slow. My sickle can cut faster. Take this one to cut more easily.
Liu Chang: elder sister also has a sickle. I'll try it.
Elder sister: cut tea with a little bit of stem, don't cut old stem, cut red stem, black stem is old stem.
Liu Chang: elder sister said that the part to be cut is the one with red stem on the top and the black one on the bottom, because the red one is a new stem?
Elder sister: the red one is a new stem. Just cut it like this. You can cut it with a sickle. You can cut it any way you like.
Liu Chang: it's the first time I've ever picked tea with such a hard weapon.
Elder sister: cut as hard as you like. You can see, it's very delicious to cut tea.
Tea notes written by Tu Long of the Ming dynasty recorded: "it is not necessary to pick tea too fine. The buds sprout at the beginning and the taste is not enough. If it is not too green, the tea is old but the taste is not tender. It is still preferred to look for the green leaves and thick old leaves. In the experience of tea growers, the tea with red stem has just the green color and moderate tenderness, and the green brick tea is especially mellow and fragrant.
Elder sister: can cut tea 70-80 yuan a day.
Liu Chang: are you good at cutting?
Elder sister: I'm a general tea cutter. Whoever has a quick sickle will cut more and have to eat two bowls of rice.
Xianning City is rich in rainfall and light, and most of the slightly acidic yellow red loam is a good condition for the development of tea production. More than 5000 tea farmers in the local area are also reaping good benefits, with an increase of 5000 yuan per mu per year. The cut fresh tea needs to be dried in the sun, and the tea without grass flavor can smell fully. The traditional green removing and rolling are the basic steps of making green brick tea, and the following technology is the key to its quality.
Liu Chang: why is the tea pile so big?
Inheritor of tea processing factory: This is the traditional fermentation technology of our green brick tea. The fermentation storage time is at least three months. The function of the tea hole is ventilation, drying and ventilation. Through this fermentation, the aroma of green brick tea can be purer, and the taste is more mellow. This is our green brick tea different from other types of tea A very important feature is that this pile of tea is at least four meters long. According to the size of the warehouse, it can store at least 100000 kg of tea for fermentation.
Liu Chang: there is a faint fragrance of tea.
The unique taste of tea is different from that of the tea processing techniques of the tea master. After fermentation, the old green tea needs to be boiled for hours to restore the original softness of the leaves, so that they will not be broken when they are shaped. The production of this green brick tea is also the last step.
Professor: This is a traditional lever type brick press for pressing brick tea by hand. With wood as the tool, the fragrance of sandalwood can be absorbed into brick tea.
Ding Guangping told us that under the unified specification of templates, 1700g of green brick tea will be pressed into one fourth of its original volume, and the solid body of green brick tea will come from this.
Liu Chang: you see, this is the green brick tea I just made. Although it is not compacted by machine, and the texture can be seen, it is made by myself after all.
Students: we did it.
The tea brick is green brown, fragrant and compact, and the content of tea stem is controlled at about 20%, which not only increases the gap in the brick, but also removes the water vapor in the tea, making the brick more compact, and ensuring sufficient oxygen in the brick, which is conducive to the formation of green brick tea quality. But what is the reason for making tea into bricks?
Inheritor of tea processing factory: if you transport a cart of tea out, I'm afraid there will be a lot of tea on the road, and hundreds of Jin of tea will be a big pile. After this brick tea is made, it can be put in any place. Therefore, after making brick tea, it is conducive to transportation and storage, and the waste caused by transportation also saves a lot of tea.
Green brick tea, with convenient transportation, convenient storage and reasonable price, has been adhering to this unique production process for more than 100 years. Today, it is still the first choice of consumers in Northwest China.
Consumer: we come from Xilin Gol Grassland of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. We like to drink milk tea boiled with green brick tea. It's very good to drink milk tea after making tea. We have to drink it every day. Our company purchases at least 200 tons of green brick tea every year, and consumes more than 20 tons of green brick tea a month (www.novmv. Com). The price is acceptable.
Consumers like it. Naturally, the market of green brick tea is not worried, but Liu Chang has encountered new problems.
Professor: Xiao Liu, what are you doing? You've broken my desk.
Liu Chang: Yes, the tables are broken, but the green brick tea is still not opened. How can I drink this?
Professor: there is a trick to pry the green brick tea. There is a very small tool awl to pry the green brick tea. Because the green brick tea is made of a large number of tea leaves, it has a layer of texture. According to this texture, you can pry it open, which is enough to make a pot of tea.
Liu Chang: originally, we should make tea according to the texture.
Green brick tea, with roots and leaves, is a little more extensive than green tea, but also more resistant to soaking, so the local people like to put it into special utensils to boil for a while, and wait for the orange red tea soup to slowly seep from the roots and leaves, mixed with the aroma of hot air, drink a mouthful, mellow.
Tea research experts: green brick tea is a special kind of tea in China. In recent years, the research results of authoritative organizations show that green brick tea is rich in vitamin tea polyphenol amino acids, such as some components and a variety of material elements, the interaction of these substances, there is fat to lose weight The role of food consumption, especially in ethnic minority areas, is mainly meat. Therefore, they also say that it is better to have no food for three days than tea for one day.
It is this beautiful tea from the south, which used to belong to the Inner Mongolia grassland with fierce scenery, and to those people who gallop on horseback and drink big drinks. Today, as more and more people understand it, it has also entered the lives of more people.
Foreign consumer: I'm really a coffee lover. I've never drunk such a tea, because it's very different from the tea in our country. It has a smoky flavor, a great aroma, and a very smooth taste.
Local consumer: I'm a native of Xianning. We've been drinking this green brick tea all the time. It tastes very mellow and strong, and it's very sweet after it's imported.
With good quality advantages, green brick tea has formed a unique brand culture, and as the leading industry in Xianning City, local leading enterprises and purchasers have pushed the green brick tea to a broader market.
Local person in charge: at present, there are 100000 mu of tea garden around us. Our production capacity is 8500 tons, and the output value is close to 150 million yuan. The main sales areas are Xinjiang and Gansu of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, of which the largest sales are in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
At present, the total area of Xianning tea garden has reached 305000 mu, with a total output of 53000 tons, including 32000 tons of green brick tea and a comprehensive output value of 3 billion yuan. It has brought benefits to the local area, but also brought good returns to tea farmers. It seems that the tea that can't be broken has made a fortune.