Development and utilization of original ecological fruit bufuna baygua Rosa roxburghii
The original ecological fruit refers to the wild fruit which has not been developed and utilized. Many of them have unique fruit shape, high nutritional and medicinal value. They are edible, ornamental, beautifying, greening and medicine. They are the third generation of rare fruits with the most development value in the new century. It can make people feel a kind of primitive fruit flavor. Many people who have eaten wild fruit in the mountains even after a few years still remember the taste. Some of them are sour and sweet, some are very sweet, and others are never tired of eating, which makes people have endless aftertaste. Some of them, such as bayuezha, jiuyuehuang, bufuna, Rosa roxburghii, wild raspberry and so on, have high medicinal and edible effects. With the destruction of natural forest, wild fruit varieties are less and less, some good fruit varieties need artificial cultivation and protection. Due to the progress of society, people began to green, ecological and healthy development! The original ecological green food will become a new favorite, while the current artificial plant The range is not large, mainly wild in the mountains and forests. However, I believe it will soon be recognized by people. The following specific to understand: the original ecological fruit bufuna August melon thorn pear development and utilization.
Introduction to Cucurbita pepo
Also known as August melon, muskmelon, August fried, the fruits of Akebia and Akebia trifoliata are wild fruits. It is named after the fruit cracking in August. Fruit like banana, rich in sugar, vitamin C and 12 kinds of amino acids, as well as the human body can not synthesize valic acid, methionine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, lysine and so on. It is a kind of green food with no pollution and is known as "native banana". It is not only delicious, but also highly nutritious and medicinal. Indications: short red urine; turbid; edema; rheumatic arthralgia; trauma; milk block; hernia pain; uterine prolapse; orchitis, etc. Bayuezha can also be further processed and utilized. Its flesh can be eaten fresh or processed into jam, juice and wine; flowers, tender leaves, tender shoots, green fruits and peel can be processed into health tea; tender leaves and shoots are also good wild vegetables with rich nutrition; roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and pericarps can also be processed into Chinese patent medicines, with high medicinal value, which is of great importance to the relevant departments of the state Point protection and development of rare Chinese medicinal materials. The peel can also extract pectin with high quality. It is an important raw material for processing food and medicine. It will be widely used in the fields of food, beverage and health care products. The seeds can be squeezed into high-quality oil; the fruit capsule can be processed into high-quality drinks and juice; the peel can be made into traditional Chinese medicine, which can be said to have many advantages.
The economic benefits of Cucurbita pepo are as follows
Reading August plant It can be divided into seed propagation, layering and cutting. About 330 plants per mu can yield more than 2500 kg. According to the current market price of 8 yuan per catty, the income per mu is more than 40000 yuan. The seedlings are calculated at 6 yuan per plant for 330 plants, and the land rent is 200 yuan per mu. According to the first year's labor and cultivated land, the farm manure can be obtained from the nearby farms. If it is very cheap, it is calculated by 2000 kg RMB 20 yuan per catty 400 yuan, 15 yuan for a cement column, 1500 yuan for 100 pieces per mu, and 1000 yuan for iron wire. The total amount is 6580 yuan, 40000-6580 yuan = 33420 yuan. Benefits are routine plant Several times or even dozens of times. Although there is no fruit income in the first year, fruits can be sold in succession from the second year, and seedlings are only invested in the first year. After the third year, the output will enter the peak, and the output value will be higher, and the economic potential of planting is quite huge.
Bufuna, whose scientific name is black tiger, is the fruit of Schisandra sphenanthera (or Magnoliaceae) plant. It is a woody evergreen vine. The fruit image of pineapple is also like grape. It can be picked and eaten. The fruit color is like litchi, and the fruit capsule is milky and delicate, with rich sweet fragrance. The whole plant of bufuna can be used as medicine, with the best fruit, which has the functions of dispelling wind, activating pulse, regulating qi, relieving pain, clearing liver and eyesight, tonifying kidney and essence. If you eat the fruit regularly, you can moisten your skin, nourish your face, clear your heart and wisdom, and keep fit for a long time. Bufuna's root is also called black tiger, with sweet, warm and non-toxic properties. Indications: gastric and duodenal ulcer; chronic gastritis; acute gastroenteritis; rheumatic arthralgia; trauma; fracture; dysmenorrhea; postpartum blood stasis abdominal pain; hernia pain. Bufuna fruit and root are commonly used in folk brewing. The wine is dark red in color and has good effects on rheumatism, blood circulation, beauty, heart clearing, intelligence and fitness. Because of its great development value, the wild resources have also been destroyed. Artificial cultivation is of great significance. Generally, it can be planted in areas above - 16 ℃. It is light loving and shade tolerant. Adult plants can tolerate low temperature of - 20 ℃ and high temperature of 48 ℃. It can be planted in mountain, hilly and plain areas. It can also be planted among other fruit trees, and its economic benefit is more prominent. Through practice, the cultivation management is more extensive than grape, and can be managed according to different cultivation methods according to different needs.
Bufuna's economic benefits:
Generally, about 120 plants can be planted per mu in the shed, and 220 plants per mu in the fence frame. The fruit ripens in mid November, and can also be left on the tree for sale before and after the Spring Festival, and can also be picked and stored naturally until February of the next year. The benefit calculation shows that 220 seedlings per mu * 15 yuan = 3300 yuan, 200 yuan for land rent, 1000 yuan for labor and farming, 600 yuan for farm manure, 1500 yuan for cement column and 1000 yuan for iron wire, totaling 7600 yuan. According to the lowest price of 10 yuan per kilogram, the income of 4000 kilograms per mu can reach more than 40000 yuan. After deducting 7600 yuan, it will cost 32400 yuan. Since the investment in seedling, cement and iron wire in the first year is large, there is no need to invest in the future, so the income in the later period will be increased. Bufuna plant has a kind of fragrant smell, which is the first-class bonsai of indoor greening in families, factories, hospitals and supermarkets. Dwarf potted plant, with fruit on the market, the price of each pot farm is about 200 yuan. Bufuna is a garden treasure integrating food, medicine, greening and ornamental. Bufuna has strong resistance and almost no diseases and insect pests. All the fruits produced can meet the quality requirements of green food, which is very suitable for organic food agriculture.
Rosa roxburghii Tratt, the real king of vitamin C, has high nutritional value and ornamental value, and has broad development prospects. It is called the new third generation fruit. The fruit of Rosa roxburghii Tratt is also the first-class raw material for processing health food. The mature Rosa roxburghii Tratt is rich in sugar, vitamins, carotene, organic acids, more than 20 kinds of amino acids, more than 10 kinds of trace elements beneficial to human body, and peroxidase dismutase. In particular, the content of vitamin C is very high, which is the highest in fruits at present. The content of vitamin C in every 100 grams of fresh fruit is 841.58-3541.13 mg, 50 times of citrus and 10 times of kiwi fruit, which is known as "king of vitamin C". Rosa roxburghii Tratt fruit has high nutritional and medical value. Its taste is sour, astringent and smooth; it can be used to treat abdominal distension, dysentery, enteritis and vitamin C deficiency. Rosa roxburghii Tratt juice can also block the synthesis of N-nitroso compounds in human body and has anti-cancer effect. It has special curative effect on the treatment of human lead poisoning. Fresh food: scrape off the thorn, dig out the seeds, then eat, put in the refrigerator, can be stored for 1-2 months, with food plastic bag (1-2 Jin), can be put in the refrigerator fresh-keeping. Sugar stain: remove the thorn, put it in the porcelain jar and press it tightly (avoid using metal, do not destroy VC), mix well. In the first few days, because the air is released and part of the sugar is fermented and frothing, it will not be found in a few days. This is not corruption and will not affect the quality. Because of the high concentration of sugar, antioxidant and reverse osmosis, bacteria can not affect the quality. Because of its high concentration of sugar, anti-oxidation and reverse osmosis, bacteria can not survive and play an anti-corrosion and fresh-keeping effect. When eating from top to bottom, 2-4 teaspoons each time, rinse a cup of water, and eat along with Rosa roxburghii Tratt (residue can be spit out) Luzhou flavor, not only as a drink, but also as a drug, which can play a role in health care, disease prevention, treatment, beauty, and life extension According to the experiment, Rosa roxburghii Tratt juice is stable at 2 times of dilution, but this method is more stable than the original liquor without dilution. This method has less nutrition loss, and it is not bad to eat for 6 months to 1 year. There is still SOD activity when it is stored at room temperature for more than 3 months. This may be related to the protective effect of some component in the thorn juice on SOD, which is very suitable for urban and rural residents. In industry, Rosa roxburghii Tratt can be made into fermented wine. The wine is golden yellow with strong aroma. The wine is eaten with Rosa roxburghii Tratt. It can relieve fatigue and beauty, improve sexual function, and have obvious health. Drying: drying in the sun and in the shade, using Rosa roxburghii dried fruit to make tea for a long time has been proved to have special effects on cancer, hypertension and heart disease. Now there are not manufacturers have developed not Rosa roxburghii products, there are Rosa roxburghii wine, health products, dried fruit, Rosa roxburghii tea and other products, wild Rosa roxburghii far can not meet the market demand. Artificial cultivation is the general trend. There are many wild Rosa roxburghii Tratt. After screening, a seedless Rosa roxburghii is very suitable for artificial cultivation and processing. The fruit has higher sugar content and is more convenient to eat. Rosa roxburghii Tratt has a large number of flowers, evergreen all the year round, low plant height and many thorns. It is very suitable for courtyard wall protection, which is beautiful and edible. Rosa roxburghii Tratt has strong adaptability and can be planted in general soil. In our country, many barren mountains with poor land are suitable for Rosa roxburghii Tratt cultivation without benefit. That is to say, it improves land use and increases farmers' income, which is strongly advocated by the state.
The economic benefits of Rosa roxburghii Tratt
The input of Rosa roxburghii Tratt is not large, generally about 220 plants per mu. According to the current seedling price of 5 yuan per plant, it is 1100 yuan, plus other expenses, the total amount is about 2000 yuan. According to the current market price of 2000 Jin per mu, the current market price is 5 yuan, the income per mu is about 10000 yuan, and the net income is 8000 yuan. Because Rosa roxburghii roxburghii Tratt does not require large area of land, it is more suitable for remote rural areas with poor land. With the decrease of wild Rosa roxburghii Tratt, the price of Rosa roxburghii Tratt will be higher year by year, and the income of artificial cultivation will be more stable.
There are many other original fruits waiting for us to protect, develop and utilize. At the same time, it not only protects the resources of wild fruits in China, but also promotes the diversity of fruit varieties. Because of its nutrition, unique taste and unique shape, it is incomparable with many other fruits. We will always be committed to the cultivation, development and utilization of original fruits, and we also hope that friends from all walks of life will participate and guide us. Bring ecological, green and healthy original ecological fruits to everyone around us.