Wu Honghui and Wu Zhaohui successfully cultivated Abies nigra
Staff are picking mature Abies.
A fungus that should have grown in the barren mountains and forests, known as the "tribute fungus" and "king of fungi", has been successfully cultivated in Zhongshan and began to be listed in batches. This is the "black skin chicken fir fungus". Yesterday morning, the reporter saw this rare fungus in Aimin farm, Shalan village, Sanjiao Town.
"I haven't seen this kind of mushroom. It's the first time that we have successfully cultivated this kind of mushroom in Guangdong." In the sunshade shed, Wu Honghui and Wu Zhaohui, the two brothers, told reporters mysteriously and with pride. Beside them, the workers were laying out on the ground（ plant ）A close look at the fungus, which has been planted in plastic bags, shows that the young black mushroom seedlings are breaking through the soil tenaciously.
It is not easy to grow this kind of bacteria successfully. According to the scientific and technical personnel from Shandong Province, it is very difficult to cultivate the termite fungus artificially because of the close relationship between the soil and termites, and the high requirements on the conditions and environment for its growth. Their scientific research team successfully cultivated these fungi through great efforts. The Wu brothers cooperated with them three years ago, introduced cultivation technology, invested more than 2 million yuan to build greenhouses and purchase relevant facilities plant Four batches of [breeding network: www.jdhsh. COM /], two of which failed due to various reasons. "Artificial plant "It takes a long period of time (it takes five months to cultivate the mushroom before it comes out)," the investment is large, and the technical difficulty is high, "the scientific and technological personnel said." if anything goes wrong, all previous efforts will be wasted. " The reporter saw that there are ground temperature detection meters in the greenhouse, connected to the computer for 24-hour monitoring of ground temperature changes. This kind of fungus can grow normally only when the ground temperature is 25-35 ℃.
With their efforts, the fourth batch, which is now beginning to harvest, is growing well. About 75-100 kg is harvested every day. "Harvest three times a day, once every six hours, and harvest for six months." Wu Honghui told reporters that this kind of mushroom tastes fresh, sweet, crisp and nutritious, and it is very popular in the market. Now the wholesale price is 96 yuan / kg, which is basically in short supply.
According to reports, the main producing areas of Abies gallinarum are distributed in Yunnan, Guizhou and Sichuan, and more than 30 species have been found. There are many other names of Abies, which vary from place to place, such as chicken fir, chicken mushroom, chicken foot mushroom, Tung mushroom, etc. Since ancient times, due to its rarity and high medicinal and edible value, Tricholoma matsutake, tripe and black tiger palm are listed as the four famous fungi in China, and become tributes of all dynasties.
In addition, it is difficult to get the highest nutrition value in the chicken when it is picked up for 6 hours. Ten years ago, Chinese scientists and technicians have carried out artificial breeding experiments on this fungus. In the greenhouse, they have completely imitated the growth environment of natural bacteria and termite nests, and cultivated a highly similar strain of Abies gallinarum to wild Abies. In addition, most of the wild strains grow from June to September every year, while artificially cultivated ones can be produced all year round, with a cultivation period of 5 months and a picking period of 6 to 8 months.
As they are optimistic about the market prospect of this product, the Wu brothers intend to expand the scale, and the goal is to harvest more than 500 kg per day.