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How much money can you make by planting one mu of silage corn in 2017? What kind is suitable? [zhiencyclopedia planting network]

Time: August 17, 2020 Number of hits:

How much money can you make by planting one mu of silage corn in 2017? Where is suitable for planting?

In the past three years, the utilization rate of silage corn has gradually increased, and large dairy farms have increased the use of silage corn; in the past, beef cattle and mutton sheep generally raised yellow corn or pasture, but in recent years, the proportion of silage corn has gradually increased. Silage in 2017 Corn planting The area will continue to maintain high-speed development, silage corn has broad prospects in the future. From the price of the past three years, the national average price of silage corn has a limited range, which is basically based on the breeding scale and supply of local market. But with silage Corn planting As for the increase of area, the possibility of a sharp decrease in silage corn price is not ruled out in the later stage. It is estimated that the average price of silage corn in 2017 is 245 yuan / ton, which is 3.16% lower than that in 2016, plant One mu special silage corn Mu plant The highest income can reach 1960 yuan.

 How much money can you make by planting one mu of silage corn in 2017? Where is suitable for planting? [zhiencyclopedia planting network]

According to market monitoring, in 2016, the national silage corn plant The area is 13.9 million mu, with a year-on-year increase of 40.97%. In terms of total output, 2014-2016 basically showed an upward trend year by year. In 2016, the total output of silage corn was 59.77 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 47.83%; in 2016, the unit yield of silage corn was 4.3 tons / mu, with a year-on-year increase of 7.5%. In 2017, it is estimated that the planting area of Silage Maize in China will exceed the 20 million mu mark. So how much money can you make by planting one mu of silage corn? Where is it suitable? How to choose the varieties? What are the benefits?

Silage corn planting market in 2016

In 2016, the planting area and yield of silage maize increased significantly, with 13.9 million mu of planting area and 59.77 million tons of output. However, the gap of domestic aquaculture industry is still large, and farmers still have concerns about planting silage corn in some areas when adjusting the planting structure, and this phenomenon will be improved in the future.

Both yield and planting scale increased

Silage corn is widely distributed in China, but the production areas are relatively concentrated; in recent three years, the utilization rate of silage corn has gradually increased, and large dairy farms have increased the use of silage corn; in the past, beef cattle and mutton sheep were generally fed with yellow corn or forage, but in recent years, the proportion of silage corn has gradually increased. In 2016, the planting area of Silage Maize in China was 13.9 million mu, with a year-on-year increase of 40.97%. The total output was 59.77 million tons, with a year-on-year increase of 47.83%.

In 2016, the planting area of Heilongjiang Province was 1.05 million mu, with an increase of 75.00%. The planting area of Inner Mongolia is 7 million mu, with an increase of 76.92%. The planting area of Hebei Province is 750000 mu, an increase of 25%. The planting area in Shaanxi is 550000 mu, with an increase of 83.33%.

The gap of downstream demand is still large

Silage corn is mainly used as feed for cattle and sheep. Considering the price factor, according to the theoretical calculation, the consumption of dairy cattle accounts for more than half of the total consumption, accounting for 51% of the total consumption, followed by beef cattle, accounting for 42% of the total consumption. However, due to the low degree of standardization of sheep, the consumption of sheep accounts for 7% of the total consumption.

There is no difference in planting income

From the analysis of national planting cost and profit, the benefit of planting silage corn is very considerable. In 2016, the planting income (excluding land rental cost) was 671.15 yuan / mu, with a year-on-year increase of 14.16%. The planting income (including rental land cost) was 273.46 yuan / mu, with a year-on-year increase of 97.36%. According to the investigation, unless encountering special natural disasters, the difference of yield per mu of silage corn is small. There is no obvious definition of silage corn in terms of its use. One is specialized silage corn, the other is ordinary corn for silage maize. The yield of special silage corn varieties ranges from 5.5 to 7.5 tons / mu, and the yield of high yield can even reach 8 tons / mu. The yield of ordinary corn is 2.0-3.5 T / mu, especially for high yield.

1. What kind is suitable?

Silage corn is mainly used as feed for cattle and sheep. Considering the price factor, according to the theoretical calculation, the consumption of dairy cattle accounts for more than half of the total consumption, accounting for 51% of the total consumption, followed by beef cattle, accounting for 42% of the total consumption. However, due to the low degree of standardization of sheep, the consumption of sheep accounts for 7% of the total consumption.

But silage corn is not suitable for planting in every region. The area within 30 km around cattle and sheep ranch should be given priority to planting, because if the distance is too far, the transportation cost will be increased, and the economic benefits of farmers will be reduced. However, since the State encourages planting and there are pastures nearby, silage corn can not be more suitable. In this case, farmers should seize the opportunity to plant silage corn.

2. How to choose varieties?

The cultivation management, fertilizer and drug use of silage corn and kernel corn are basically the same, mainly to do a good job in seed selection. Attention should be paid to the following aspects when selecting silage maize seeds:

First of all, silage corn should be more resistant to aging, disease resistance and lodging resistance than kernel maize

Secondly, the growth period should be longer, 7-10 days longer than that of Kernel Maize, and the harvest time could be advanced

Thirdly, the biggest difference between silage maize and kernel corn is that silage maize should be dehydrated more slowly and have good green retention, so as to keep the dehydration relatively stable and to prolong the suitable harvest period.

Fourth, in terms of grain breakage, the powdery endosperm is more suitable for silage maize and is easier to be broken

Experts suggest that if farmers are not sure about the planting area of silage corn, they can try to find nearby pastures to sign a purchase contract in advance, because the scale of the ranch can directly calculate the demand for silage corn, and then determine the area to plant silage corn.

3. What are the benefits?

From the analysis of national planting cost and profit, the benefit of planting silage corn is very considerable. In 2016, the planting income (excluding land rental cost) was 671.15 yuan / mu, with a year-on-year increase of 14.16%. The planting income (including rental land cost) was 273.46 yuan / mu, with a year-on-year increase of 97.36%. According to the investigation, unless encountering special natural disasters, the difference of yield per mu of silage corn is small. There is no obvious definition of silage corn in terms of its use. One is specialized silage corn variety, the other is ordinary corn for silage maize. The yield of specialized silage maize varieties ranged from 5.5 to 7.5 tons / mu, and even 8 tons / mu. The yield of ordinary corn is 2.0-3.5 T / mu, especially for high yield.

Although the planting area of silage corn will increase in the future, due to the poor liquidity of silage corn, the consumption area is basically limited to local digestion, and the outflow is not much. From the price of the past three years, the national average price of silage corn has a limited range, which is basically based on the breeding scale and supply of local market. However, with the increase of silage corn planting area, it is not ruled out that the price of silage corn will be significantly reduced in the later period. It is estimated that the average price of silage corn in 2017 will be 245 yuan / ton. Based on this calculation, the maximum yield of silage corn per mu can reach 1960 yuan.

 How much money can you make by planting one mu of silage corn in 2017? Where is suitable for planting? [zhiencyclopedia planting network]

4. Production outlook

In 2017, the planting area of silage corn will continue to maintain rapid development. It is estimated that the silage corn will break through the 20 million mu mark. The future development prospect of silage corn is broad. Under the background of the state encouraging the reduction of corn planting area, China faces a difficult opportunity to promote the "grain to feed" reform.

According to the national plan for the structural adjustment of planting industry, the forage area will reach 95 million mu by 2020, including 25 million mu of silage corn. Therefore, the planting area is expected to increase again in 2017.

5. Risk tips

Production and marketing should be combined to avoid regional oversupply. Weather conditions. This is related to all agricultural products (11.51 - 0.78%, buy) a very uncertain factor. In 2016, Qiqihar, Daqing and other places in Heilongjiang Province were affected by drought, and the corn harvest was not good. Some farmers directly sold silage corn at low prices, which to a certain extent reduced the local silage corn prices. At present, some beef cattle farmers have not used silage corn in large quantities. If the regional supply is excessive, the local market price will be lowered and the farmers will suffer unnecessary losses. Silage corn planting still needs certain technology, some farmers Planting technology Limited, silage corn quality is difficult to meet the standard.

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