Traditional Chinese medicine planting Farmers in Chongqing make "drug wealth" by planting medicinal materials
The golden autumn in October 2014 is the harvest season of Chinese medicinal materials such as Chrysanthemum morifolium. In Liming Village, Yongfeng Town, Zhongxian County, Chongqing, the author saw that the chrysanthemums on all sides of the slope had matured, and the air was filled with a unique aroma. The villagers are picking chrysanthemums from Hangzhou. Although they look busy and hard-working, their faces are full of joy. In their words, we can pick all the money!
Chongqing is one of the important producing areas of traditional Chinese medicine in China Traditional Chinese medicine planting history. In recent years, while strengthening the protection of traditional Chinese medicine resources, Chongqing proposed to establish the largest medicinal valley of traditional Chinese medicine in Western China and even in the whole country -- the medicinal plant germplasm resources bank in the middle and low mountain areas of Chongqing, and attached great importance to the standardization of traditional Chinese medicine plant We will make every effort to build a series of centers, including Xiushan honeysuckle, Shizhu Huanglian, Youyang Artemisia annua, Nanchuan Scrophularia, Kaixian yunmuxiang, Yunyang epimedium and bergamot, Wushan dangshen, etc Cultivation of medicinal materials Base, let's go Cultivation of medicinal materials In Bashan, Yushui is blooming everywhere.
Large scale demonstration, plant Medicinal materials have "money way"
Liming Village is a typical remote mountain village. In order to get rid of poverty, the villagers have tried to develop food plant But it failed because of the serious water shortage here. Later, most of the villagers chose to go out to work, which led to the serious abandonment of land in the village.
"More than 20 years ago, I went out and wandered around, worked as a laborer, drove a truck, and later ran a travel agency. I was the first group of people in the village to get rich. However, every time I come back to Liming Village and see a large piece of land full of weeds, I feel bad. I always wonder what I can do for this land! " Liming village villager Wang electorate told the author. A few years ago, he happened to find that Hangzhou white chrysanthemum, which has strong drought resistance, has become a rich industry in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces. At that time, he had a flash of light in his mind: Hangzhou white chrysanthemum was not afraid of drought, but afraid of water, and it was not strict with management requirements. Was it not suitable for planting in Liming Village?
However, Wang's enthusiasm did not win much applause. The villagers who had repeatedly failed in developing the planting industry did not support him, on the contrary, they made sarcastic remarks. But Wang didn't flinch. He invited agricultural experts to test the soil and climate of Liming Village. The results showed that it was very suitable for planting Chrysanthemum morifolium. Wang Zengcheng, an expert with great confidence, is ready to do a big job.
At the beginning of 2014, Wang Xuanxuan rented idle houses, invested more than 400000 yuan to purchase Hangbaiju processing equipment, and at the same time, made use of the resources accumulated by his own travel agency, and reached an agreement with many pharmaceutical factories to sell Hangzhou White Chrysanthemum. In order to give villagers "reassurance", he specially formulated three kinds of "planting packages" to reduce the risk: first, farmers produce seedlings and technology, and the price of each kilogram of flowers is recovered at 6 yuan; the second is that farmers provide 500 yuan starting fund for each household, and the profit is divided into 50% and 50% when collecting chrysanthemums; The third is to transfer the land from farmers to plant by themselves.
In March 2014, more than 70 households in Liming Village planted more than 200 mu of hangbai chrysanthemum, and Wang Xuanxuan himself transferred 300 mu of abandoned land to plant hangbai chrysanthemum. "At present, we have begun to pick chrysanthemum, the harvest should be good, we must be able to achieve a good start." Wang said to the author with great interest. At present, he is discussing with villagers about transferring the 700 Mu terraced fields in yejiaba to expand the planting scale, and plans to develop 10000 mu of Hangbaiju in the town in the next three years.
In Fengjie County, known as the "medicine mountain", due to the unique climate and geographical conditions, the local traditional Chinese medicine is planted everywhere. At present, the planting bases of Dangshen, yunmuxiang and rhubarb cover an area of 180000 mu. In the past, I saw a large-scale crop planting base in the village of Fenxian.
"At present, our base has a planting area of 500 mu, mainly planting rhubarb, Platycodon grandiflorum and Peucedanum Shuidong village herbal medicine planting base owner Wang Shengping told the author.
Wang Shengping is a native of Shuidong village. A few years ago, he went out to make a living and traveled to the north and south. By chance, he became a coal mine owner and earned the first pot of gold in his life. However, he was different from many people who went out of the countryside. Although he made a fortune as a coal boss, he always had an idea that he could not erase, that is, to go back to his hometown to develop characteristic agriculture and lead the villagers to become rich together.
In 2011, Wang Shengping finally turned his idea into action. He went to Shandong, Jiangsu and other places to investigate the scale of Chinese herbal medicine planting, and began to build his own Chinese herbal medicine base in the village. In 2012, he developed an area of 200 mu of traditional Chinese medicine base, including 78 mu of rhubarb, 91 mu of Platycodon grandiflorum, and 31 mu of Peucedanum. The mature period of rhubarb is generally 3 years, Platycodon grandiflorum is two years, and Qianhu can be harvested that year. In 2013, Platycodon grandiflorum and Peucedanum had a good harvest, with a total sales revenue of 500000 yuan.
In 2014, Wang Shengping's planting area of medicinal materials has been expanded to 500 mu.
"Two years later, the total sales revenue will be 2 million yuan." Wang said. He said that he would continue to expand the planting scale, build his own Chinese herbal medicine processing plant, and further extend the industrial chain to achieve greater economic benefits.
In zhuoai village, Guocun Town, located in the southwest border of Wanzhou District, the fragrance of medicine is floating all the year round. There are chrysanthemum, honeysuckle and Chuanxiong. "There are more than 3000 mu of land in our village. In the past, rice, corn and other traditional crops were planted, and the income was very low. In 2010, boss Xiong transferred 2700 mu of land here to build a Chinese herbal medicine planting base, so we would not grow crops, but plant medicinal materials, and the income would be much stronger than before. " Xiong Changjun, the boss mentioned by villagers, is a woman who can do more than a man.
Xiong Changjun, who has only primary school culture, once worked as a builder and contractor, engaged in red tangerine business, and was also the owner of a supermarket and the agent of two brand products. In April 2010, she took out all her savings and transferred 2700 mu of land in zhuo'ai village, and began to plant and process Chinese herbal medicines, which helped more than 200 farmers to increase their income and become rich. She became an inspirational figure for rural women in Wanzhou District to start their own businesses and become rich.
Leading by the government, small medicinal materials become big industry
"This year, my family has planted 20 mu of fennel. At present, all of them have been picked. The yield per mu is about 100 kg, and the income per mu is about 3000 yuan. The total income can reach more than 60000 yuan." In Gaoyin village, Yanping Town, Yunyang County, villager Lu Guiying was very happy when he mentioned the income of fennel this year. It is understood that in 2014, more than 300 households planted fennel in Gaoyin village, covering a total area of 1400 mu, Fennel planting The total area is as high as 5000 mu.
Fennel is a kind of natural herbaceous plant, which is drought resistant, resistant to disease and insect pests. It does not need irrigation during its growth period and basically does not need management and protection. (www.nczfj. Com) its stems, leaves and fruits are excellent spices, which can be used as cooking condiments, but also a traditional Chinese medicine. It has high medicinal value and has the effects of calming nerves and relieving pain.
The author is curious about how this unique planting industry developed in Yanping town?
"We have a karst landform with high mountains and steep slopes. In addition, in recent years, it is very difficult for the industry to develop." The person in charge of Yanping town said. "The soil conditions here are neither suitable for planting crops nor for developing cattle and sheep grazing. If land resources and geographical conditions are not dominant, we must find a new way to develop industries."
In 2012, the local Party committee and government found that the climate and soil conditions were particularly suitable for the growth of fennel. In order to let the villagers accept this brand-new industry, they are organizing village cadres to go to the village to introduce the development Fennel planting At the same time, a series of subsidy policies were issued in time, and the establishment of professional cooperatives was launched. In order to effectively solve the villagers' worries, the town also actively organized brokers to go to Hunan, Gansu and other places to get in touch with the dealers in various large and medium-sized medicinal materials markets, and successfully established a number of sales channels in a very short time.
The government's active guidance has achieved immediate results. In 2012, the development of fennel cultivation in Yanping town was 2800 mu, and the harvest was great. The products were exported to many provinces and cities in China, even to Japan, with a sales revenue of more than 8 million yuan. In 2013, Yanping fennel successfully passed the national geographic indication product certification, and its sales are more and more optimistic. In 2014, the planting area of fennel in Yanping town increased to 5000 mu, including 13 large-scale farmers with an area of more than 100 mu and 1600 small-scale farmers, with a total income of more than 15 million yuan.
In Yunyang County, which is adjacent to Fengjie, when you enter Shengli village of Nixi Town, a variety of glossy ganoderma lucidum, which looks like a round fan and is red in color, is bright and beautiful, emitting a faint fragrance. Ganoderma lucidum, as a medicinal fungus, has the functions of tonifying and strengthening the body, strengthening the body and prolonging life. In the eyes of many people, Ganoderma lucidum is a mysterious and precious traditional Chinese medicine.
"Nixi town has luxuriant vegetation, and the forest coverage rate reaches 67% Auricularia auricula planting The industry has laid a solid foundation, and I am a professional technician engaged by the town government from Hunan Province Liang Hexing, who is busy, told the author. He was responsible for providing technical guidance for the mushroom industry in Nixi town. In early 2013, when he was collecting green stem wood on a mountain in Shengli village, he suddenly found that there were two wild Ganoderma lucidum on a section of rotten green stem wood. He immediately realized that Nixi was likely to have climate conditions for artificial cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum.
At the end of 2014, with the support of the local government, Liang Hexing introduced Ganoderma lucidum into the black fungus base of Shengli village for experiment. Most of the rods used in the experiment grew out of Ganoderma lucidum, which was shaped like a small umbrella. The survival rate was more than 95%. According to the average weight of 250 grams, a Ganoderma lucidum can produce about 75 grams of spore powder. The price of Ganoderma lucidum spore powder after processing is about 1600 yuan per kilogram, and the price of Ganoderma lucidum mycelium after drying and baking is about 300 yuan per kilogram, which is quite valuable. " Liang Hexing said confidently. The climate and soil quality of Nixi town are indeed suitable for the growth of Ganoderma lucidum. Once the technology is mature, it can be comprehensively promoted and planted, "Qianjing" is very broad.
Relying on the local farmers, they will take the opportunity to guide the development of black mushroom base Cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum This new industry. On the basis of this, Ganoderma lucidum industry will be further expanded and further strengthened through the extension of the additional value chain of Ganoderma lucidum.
To make "drug wealth" by planting medicinal materials, we should strive to be well-off. At present, relying on their own resource advantages, Chongqing is making every effort to promote the sound and rapid development of Chinese herbal medicine planting industry, and strive to make more farmers grow rich by planting Chinese herbal medicine. According to relevant sources, in 2015, Chongqing will build a 1 million mu high-quality Chinese herbal medicine commodity production base, and establish 5-10 demonstration bases for medicinal materials planting that have passed GAP certification.